now remain expanding. With time they go further and further apart. It's
like a blowing balloon up. It is the result of big bang. We now take it
for granted but at that time it was a considered a scientific heresy.
When Albert Einstein pretty much formulated the theory in 1912, 1915,
1917 and 1919, he sensed the universe could not be stable and either it
is expanding or compressing, which is the theory of general relativity.
time scientists considered that the universe is static. Hence in order
to solve this confusion, Einstein introduced the cosmological constant
to force the equation to be constant.
In 1929, Edward Hubble, after whom the Hubble telescope was named, made
an amazing discovery that the universe is expanding based on
observations and not scientific theory. Hubble went on to win the Nobel
Prize for this discovery. Einstein learnt about Hubble's discovery and
conceded saying that it was the biggest mistake of his entire life that
he did even though he knew that the universe is expanding.
"And the firmament, We constructed with power and
skill and verily We are expanding it." (Quran, 51:47)
The arabic word "moosiAAoona" in some tafsir books
is translated as "the vastness of space", which means the universe is
static but I think the more appropriate translation of this word is
that "we are actively expanding it".
from the "Quran & Science" sunday lecture addressed by Dr.
Gasser Hathout at the Islamic
Center of Southern California, Los Angeles on July 17, 2005.