Man We did
create from a wet earth; Then We placed him as (a drop of) seed in a
place of rest, firmly fixed; Then We made the sperm into a clot of
congealed blood; then of that clot We made a (foetus) lump; then we
made out of that lump bones and clothed the bones with flesh; then we
developed out of it another creature. So blessed be Allah, the best to
create! (Quran 23: 12-14)
in arabic means lineage, evolution from the earth. Quran supports the
concept of gradual evolution. Then Quran says the drop of seed is
placed in a secure place, which is the womb. Then the word ‘alaqah’
is usually translated as the clot of blood, but actually in arabic, ‘alaqah’
means something that hangs. The tiny zygote hangs from the lining of
the uterus. Zygote then develops into various stages.
is usually translated as lump but literally it means something which
has been chewed. It refers to the chewed up appearance of somite embryo
which then becomes bones and muscles (flesh).
to four weeks, there is no difference between a fish embryo and human
embryo. In fact, the human embryo has gills during initial stages.
During 6-8 weeks, the embryo becomes clearly human embryo. Thus Quran
says, “then we developed it to a different being”.
is inconceivable for a Prophet (PBUH) who lived in the middle of
nomadic Arabic and did not even know how to read and write could have
made this description on embryology.
L Moore wrote in the introduction of his text book, “Quran
has an amazing depiction of embryology that can’t be a
product of lie or fabrication.”
from the "Quran
& Science" sunday
lecture addressed by Dr. Gasser Hathout at the Islamic
Center of Southern California, Los Angeles on July 17, 2005.